The Banyan tree is the National tree of India. Banyan tree branches root itself and reproduce new branches and trunks and for this reason, it is believed that the Banyan tree is immortal. In India it has religious values, a legend and many myths and stories about the banyan tree are popular. In Hindu religion, the banyan tree is considered sacred and known as "Ashwath Vriksha". Another name for the Banyan tree is "Kalpvraksha" which stands for 'wish-fulfilling Divine tree' & 'The tree of knowledge'. The banyan tree represents the "Trimurti" as a one(god Vishnu, god Shiva, and god Brahma). This is the tree under which Lord Buddha got the knowledge of life and a new religion Buddhism came into existence.

The linked roots of the banyan tree represent the unity, economic growth, and strength of India.One reason for taking the banyan tree as the national tree of India.

Like a giant tree, it also symbolizes power. Soeharto used it as a logo for his party, the Golongan Karya (Golkar), taking advantage of the deeply rooted belief of his fellow-countrymen and women in the sacred (Sakti) nature of the banyan.

The scientific name of the Banyan tree is 'Ficus Bengalensis'. The banyan is a member of the Moraceae family. It grows always in its life cycle and taller around 60-65 Ft.
The stems of the Banyan tree having medicinal values and used for treating Bruises, rheumatism, lumbago, and toothache.

The banyan is part of the coat of arms of Indonesia. It is meant to symbolize the unity of Indonesia - one country with many far-flung roots.


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